The Siem Reap Province is the cradle of Angkorean civilization and it is a province that offers plenty of opportunity to tourists enthralled by the cultural patrimony. Siem Reap Angkor is the most attractive landmark in Cambodia in terms of cultural tourism in the Southeast Asia.
The Siem Reap Province is conveniently situated 314 km northwest of Phnom Penh, along National Road No 6. It can be reached all year round by National Road No6 from Phnom Penh Capital, Poipt border Checkpoint, Banteay Meanchey Province, Kampong Cham Province and Kampong Thom Province, and by National Road No 5 and 6 from Kampong Chhnag Province, Pursat Province and Battambang Province.
The Siem Rap Province is accessible on direct flights from many major cities in the region including Bangkok, Danang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh, Pakse, Vientiane, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Hong Kong, Kunming, Taipei, etc. Today there are around 16-20 direct flights per day to Siem Reap and more dirct international flights planned for the near future, It can also be reached on domestic flights from Phnom Penh (forty-minutes flying time by different types of aircrafts. There are seven daily flights between Phnom penh Capital and Siem Reap Proinces operated by two domestic airline companies.
The Siem Reap Province can slso be reached by speedboats along the Tonle Sap River and its Lake from Phnom Penh Capital and Battambang Province.
In the Angkorean era, the ancient khmer kingdom dominated most of present southeast Asia from 800 to 1430 AD.
The Angkor complex is the soul of khmer people (90% of Cambodian population). Angkor accurately represents khmer fine art, great civilization, spiritual heart, national identify, and political power.
The Angkor complex consists of 200 monuments, which spread over an area of 400 square kilometers. Angkor Wat is the most famous and largest ancient temple and one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Khmer temples were built between 7th and 13th centuries by Khmer kings when the khmer civilization was at its height of the extraordinary creativity. The Angkor architecture serves as the evidence of the strong Khmer religious beliefs- Hinduism and Buddhism. King Jayavarman VII was one of the powerful khmer kings in that period.
The most popular temples in the Angkor area are Angkor Wat ( World Heritage), Angkor Thom-Bayon, Baphuon, Phimeanakas, Takeo, Ta Prohm, Banteay Kdei, Pr Roup, East Mebon, Prasat Kravan, Preah Khan, Neak Poan, Ta Saom, Banteay Srei, Roluos Group, etc.